考试参考资料-整理资料---中国文化名词解释(IPA国际注册汉语教师资格证考试)

发布于:2021-05-15 09:33:01

guide sex further enhance d, documents handle and runni ng of spe ed obviously s pee d up, pr ogram gradually spe cification, confer e nce service and Chi ef recepti on of quality a nd level has has new of improve , Logistics support ca pability further strengt hene d. Document manageme nt, confidential, confidentiality, duty, letters a nd other items have be en sig nifica ntly improve d. 4, Office constr ucti on i ncrea sed at all lev els. City G over nment office s adhere to stre ngthe n and improv e the constructi on of the system as a breakthr oug h, ha s devel oped a seri es of code of conduct, continuous improvement of operati onal me cha nism, s ound a nd the implementati on of the rule s and r egulati ons , and adhere to the system of managi ng pe ople , accordi ng to the rules , the w ork gradually into t he or bit of instit utionalizati on and sta ndar dizati on. Focus on strengtheni ng ide ologi cal and political constr ucti on of the continge nt of ca dres, a nd a ct ively carrie d out various busi ness trai ning, k nowl edge of the Office team str uctur e has bee n optimi zed, t o broade n the ra nge of knowledg e and operational ca pacity grows, nurture d a political firm, s harp, profes sional and innovativ e staff, created soli darity, striving for the top, pragmatic, dedi cation, good image . How ever, with t he State Council and the provi ncial Gover nment of the national, the provi nce' s Secretary -Ge neral meeti ng of governme nt offices under the new sit uation the functi ons a nd prioritie s compared to the requirement s of our ga p is still very big. Mai n is daily i n the passive me et of more, active re sear ch of les s, servi ce als o ha s not timely, a nd not in place of problem; w ork in the meet Yu tra ditional of, and pr ogram of of work way, dev elop innovati on s pirit and servi ce innovati on capa city not str ong; supervisi on inf ormation w ork and pr omoted deci sion impleme ntati on of contact e nough clos e, feedback sit uation not active; re sear ch res our ces of using enough full , resear ch re sults of into degree not high; some sect or docume nts runni ng not spe cificati on; Munici pal Gov ernment Office on t he County (district) and m uni cipal g overnme nt sect or Office w ork of gui de enoug h, No real form intera ction and cl ose colla borati on, promote t he impleme ntation of the w ork. These problems, we must effectively be addres sed i n the futur e work. Se cond, serve the ov erall situati on, carry out their duties, im prove quality, a nd strive t o create a new sit uation of system of gover nment offices in t he city si nce last sea son, meeting the Secretary -Ge neral of the State Council and the pr ovincial gov ernment has held a gov ernment system, from a global and strategic heig ht, s cientifical ly analyz ed the new sit uation and the newTa sks on the sy stem of governme nt offices bring new si t uations and ne w problems a nd new challe nges, profoundly expounde d the w ork of governme nt de partments at all l evels in t he ne w era shoul d be put i n the sit uation to understand, to gras p, to depl oy at any time and under a ny cir cumsta nce s, s hould alway s focus on the big pict ure, firmly grasp the overall s ituation, increa sing in t he overall im plementi ng in ear nest the work of spont aneity, i nitiativeSe condly, w e shoul d strengt hen t he team. A unit is a team in var ious secti ons of the unit insi de is al so a small team. A unit wit h a team spirit, forme d a team responsibility, cohesi on a nd competitive nes s. Y ou wa nt to make a unit, a De par tment w ork improveme nt, must be melting inside a feeli ng of solidarity and mutual hel p, for a common g oal and det ermined t o achieve the spirit, cultivati ng a strong coll ective s pirit and team responsibility, sense of honor. Ther efore, we nee d to start improvi ng office w ork and enhance the efficiency of Office w ork and strive to build a concerte d ... Fa ult. I n accordance with the requirements of modern ma nagement scie nce , establ ishi ng strict re sponsi bility system of management by obj ectives . A work w ho is i n charge, w ho is i n charge and who is res ponsi ble, w hat right do thes e pe ople have, w hat res ponsibil ity, has t o truthfully a nd clearly under stood. D epartment s at all levels s hould stri ctly implement the check i n the Office of party Committee evaluati on, sig nifica nt accountabi lity and re ward i nce ntive system, pay cl ose atte ntion t o duty cas h and making unity, rights, re sponsibilit ie s, and to inspire e ach of cadr es s pirit and morale, Super courag e. Inv estee i nsists , is a de ep topic, i s a real pr oblem, i s a big iss ue. T oday , I just combine d this year , the city's Communist Party Committee Office, had some rough talk a nd understanding , we must stre ngthe n rese arch a nd excha nges i n this regar d in t he future . Investee in the new ye ar, we must hol d high the banner of De ng Xia opi ng the ory and the "three re prese nts" the ory the great banner of, under the correct lea ders hip of the CPC, adhere to t he pe opl e-oriente d, insist on truth, adhere first to excellence, efforts to do Office work t o a new lev el. Spe ech at t he Confere nce on the system of g overnme nt offices in t he city ar ound the devel opme nt of service function t o create a new sit uation in the work of the Office of the city's sy stem of Gover nment --s pee ch at the Conference on the sy stem of governme nt office s in the city

This system of government offices w orking in t he city's mai n task is to study Gover nment syst ems of admini strative supervisi on, admini strative informati on, a dministrative re ce ption a nd i nformation technology is sue s. For the meeti ng, the City Mayor Ma has ma de importa nt instr ucti ons , the Muni cipa l Gover nment Office fully pre pared brewi ng, combined wit h practi cal w ork to dev elo p the notice on furt her strengt heni ng the supervision w ork, the XX, Chief I nformation i nterim measur es for 200 5 and the city' s system of G overnme nt Admini stration i nformatizati on construction ta sk statement and other docume nts. Before t he Ge neral Ass embly and orga nizati on of counties (di stricts) of the sce ne to observ e the G overnme nt Office, a chiev e the purpose of excha nges of work, thoug ht. Today, the Ta ng May or also atte nde d the meeti ng and deliv ered a n importa nt spe ech in the midst, hope good gra sp of implementation. to

Next, I would like to make a few remark s.

A, and around Cent er, looks at devel opme nt, stre ngthe ned s ervice, city gover nment syst em Office work re ndering atmos phere in re cent year s, city gov ernment sy stem Office

中国文化名词解释题
1.说明: 下列 3 题是名词解释题, 请对词语作出简单明了的解释。 第 1 题和第 2 题每题 3 分, 第 3 题 441.

封禅(3 分)
【答案】古代帝王祭祀天地的仪式,又称泰山封禅(1 分) 。封指在泰山上设坛祭天。禅指在 泰山附*的小山上祭地(一般是梁甫山) ,都由帝王亲临(1 分) 。封禅的目的是帝王以天子 的身份祭告天地,借以表明自己的登位和统治合乎天意和正统(1 分) 。

藏传佛教(3 分)
【答案】藏传佛教是源于西藏的一种佛教教派(1 分) 。以印度传入的密教经典为主,吸收了 西藏原始宗教苯教的某种仪式,形成了具有西藏特色的“藏密” (1 分) ,俗称“喇嘛教” (1 分) 。后流传于青海、内蒙古、蒙藏周边地区(1 分) 。

理学(4 分)
【答案】理学是对宋明 600 多年儒学的总称,因重视阐释义理兼谈生命,故有理学之称(1 分) 。又由于它尊重儒家道学的传统,又被称为道学(1 分) 。理学以儒家伦理纲常为核心, 以哲学思辨为理论基础,并且吸收了佛学的养分(1 分) 。狭义上,可分为理学(狭义)和心 学,前者以朱熹、 “二程”为代表,后者以陆象山、王守仁为代表。 (1 分)

编年体史书(3 分)
【答案】我国史书的一种编撰体例,是以时间为纲,按年月顺序记载事件的史书(1 分) 。编 年体史书出现很早, 《春秋》 、战国策》等均为编年体史书(1 分) 。其中最有代表性的是北宋 司马光编撰的《资治通鉴》一书(1 分) 。

海上丝绸之路(3 分)
【答案】 海上丝绸之路是古代中国与外国交通贸易和文化交往的海上通道, 又称 “陶瓷之路” , 因中国丝绸、陶瓷、茶叶通过此路大量西运,故有此名(1 分) 。又因该路主要以南海为中心, 起点主要是广州,所以又称“南海丝绸之路” (1 分) 。它形成于秦汉,发展于三国、隋朝时 期,繁荣于唐宋,转变于明清,是已知最为古老的海上航线(1 分) 。

甲骨文(4 分)
and stea dfastness. A nd ex plicitly put forwar d the "surr oundi ng situati on, pay attenti on to im plementati on" is the cor e of gov er nment office s, requiring gov ernment departments at all level s ca nnot be "Gramophone", "mail room" and "the Me sse nger" is not confined t o pa per communi cations, yi nglaisongwa ng and upl oad i ss ue. M ust to has strongly of impleme ntation cons cious ness , this is Gover nment Office sect or first bit of task, to first, a nd is duty -bound, i nsiste d reported tr uth, a nd tol d truth, and out confess, a nd do facts, a nd pragmatic effect, put work of to points real put to re sear ch s oluti on reform development sta ble in t he of major pr obl em Shang, put to re search s oluti on mass es pr oducti on life in t he of urge nt problem Sha ng, put to rese arch sol ution work in t he exists of highlig ht problem Sha ng, put an e nd to t o Conference impleme nt Confere nce, t o file implementati on file, nev er ca n makes s uperi or of de cisi on a nd d epl oyment in a "impleme ntation" Lost i n the s ound. 络 闪 生 发 个 整 会 能 可 时 件 条 定 特 某 足 满 .当 子 称 种 这 撑 支 或 挂 悬 来 料 材 用 要 需 是 总 导 压 高 为 因 题 问 的 电 放 面 表 固 沿 有 都 , 中 备 设 体 和 缘 绝 气 空 在 System Office of the Gover nment se ctor must take the lea d in party and G over nment polici es, the deployment a nd carry out spe cific targets, i n the impl ementation efforts, for example on the impleme ntation, on the impl ementati on of a performance. City Government System Office to s eriously impleme nt implementati on national, and Pr ovince G overnme nt system Secretary -Ge neral Office Dire ctor Confere nce spirit, a ccording t o around overall, gra s p implementati on this a general requirement s, insi sted reform i nnovation, further cha nge manageme nt concept, a nd manag ement functions, a nd manageme nt syst em and ma nagement method; insi sted quality first, e nsur e for led, a nd for gras s-r oots , and for ma sses provi des quality efficie nt ser vice; insiste d strictly rul e political, efforts construction a support political firm, and busine ss master, a nd serv ice politi cal cle an, a nd style excelle nt of Office team. Concrete w ork, and must deal with "thr ee relations hips": one i s to ha ndl e well the re lationshi p betw een pass ive ada ptation and activ e service. Office servi ce functions to t he pa ssive a spe ct of its work, w hich requires us to host lead w hen a ction must be strictly i n accordance with the inte ntions and requirement s for leadershi p, w ork within t he limits of delegated a uthority, not offside, partici pation in the interventi on, a nd not de cisi on -making, coordi nation is not contemplat ed. Meanwhile, Office work a nd must become more consci ous, give full play t o the i nitiative and work to some fore seea ble, be proa ctive, pr epare d, thi nking a head, provi ding i nformation, active le ader shi p, reflect the si tuation, ahea d of good res earch, reference point, i n key pla ces t o prom ote overall effici ency . Second, to ha ndl e the relati ons hip betwe en admi nistrative s ervice s and tra nsa ction services. A dministrative service s and Service s Office s ervice s com plement the two as pe ct s of the j ob. A dministrativ e s ervices is t he core servi ce is guarantee d. Note that combi nes bot h, adhere to g overnme nt servic e as the mai n line, t he Chief turns around t he overal l situati on, t urns ar ound the distri ct. On one ha nd, w ill attacht hree a re prese ntative" importa nt thought for gui de, efforts a dapte d ne w situati on, a nd ne w task, a nd new requirement s, tightly around city reform dev elopment of over all, further cha nge functions, stre ngthe ne d service, determi ned t o innovation, G overnme nt System Office ov erall work of quality a nd level has has new of improve , for city economic s oci al development made has due of contribution. 1, staff assista nt for further str engthe ning . Around t he focus of leaders hip service s, actively carry out resear ch st udie s, for all level s of Gover nment on the event, gra b globa l proposed a number of sol utions with a higher refere nce value re comme ndati ons provi de a ba sis for improvi ng gover nment lea ders hip. About deve lopme nt, adjustme nt of intere st difficulty, people the focus of the pr obl em, and give full play to t he offices t hat are interli nke d, dre dge about, contact and coor dinati on of functi ons , in or der to re duce conflict, t o avoi d omissi ons, form a joint for ce, pr omoting t he Gov ernment t o play a n active rol e in the work as a w hol e. Working around G overnme nt Cent er implementati on s upervision inte nsifie d, broade ned a nd im prove d efficiency, do check the fruit, fruit, assi sting the Gover nment in im plementati on of the Assi stant role t o play, a powerful im petus to the reali zation of the obje ctives of the Gov ernment . 2, the s ervice are as to further expa nd. T he full impleme ntation of the ope n gover nment pil ot pr oject, strengtheni ng carrier construction, innovative forms of public, dee peni ng publ ic conte nt, extends the open ra nge, regulat e public procedures , establi shme nt of a city, County, Tow ns hip a nd village -level a dministrati on system, to meet the pe ople' s right to know, creates conditions for the effective exerci se of s upervi sion. Devel opme nt iss ued t he XX, matters of sig nificant publi c policy impl ementation meas ures, such as t he question of he aring 6 sy stem, open G overnme nt continues t o pr omote in dept h. E sta blis hed ope ned t he city (County) long publi c phone s, s olving a number of concer n pe opl e's immediate i nterests a nd produce hot spots and difficult problems in life, by all se ctors of the community alike . Univ ersal Chief was built starti ng at the city a nd county levels Hall masse s, serve t he community for the Gover nment to play a better Window s and tie. With the system of Gover nment Office for hub, connecti ng the County (district) and the depa rtments of muni cipal g overnme nt We b sites a nd Office de cisi on -making s ervice sy stem has bee n built i n the city, Gover nment Office local area network e stablis he d, signifi cantly a cceler ate the p ace of office automati on a nd i nformation netw ork. 3, impr oved quality a nd productivity wit h new w ork. City lev els G overnme nt Office put pursuit quality a nd efficie ncy as mea sure Office over all work level of importa nt standard, pendul um in hig hlight l ocati on, ar ound s ervice overall, and pay close attenti on to t he impleme ntation this central, rig ht proces sing i nherite d a nd innovati on, a nd full a nd focus, and on Shang service a nd on Xia servi ce of relati ons hip, bol d innovati on, focused on effective ness , pres entati on of policy sex, and targeted a nd

guide sex further enhance d, documents handle and runni ng of spe ed obviously s pee d up, pr ogram gradually spe cification, confere nce service and Chi ef recepti on of quality a nd level has has new of improve , Logistics support ca pability further strengt hene d. Document manageme nt, confidential, confidentiality, duty, letters a nd other items have be en sig nifica ntly improve d. 4, Office constr ucti on i ncrea sed at all lev els. City G over nment office s adhere to stre ngthe n and improv e the constructi on of the system as a breakthr oug h, ha s devel oped a seri es of code of conduct, continuous improvement of operati onal me cha nism, s ound a nd the implementati on of the rule s and regulati ons , and adhere to the syst em of managi ng pe ople , accordi ng to the rules , the w ork gradually into t he or bit of instit utionalizati on and sta ndar dizati on. Focus on strengtheni ng ide ologi cal and political constr ucti on of the continge nt of ca dres, a nd a ctively carrie d out various busi ness trai ning, k nowl edge of the Office team str uctur e has bee n optimi zed, t o broade n the ra nge of knowledg e and operational ca pacity grows, nurture d a political firm, s harp, profes sional and innovativ e staff, created soli darity, striving for the top, pragmatic, dedi cation, good image . How ever, with t he State Co uncil and the provi ncial Gover nment of the national, the provi nce' s Secretary -Ge neral meeti ng of governme nt offices under the new sit uation the functi ons a nd prioritie s compared to the requirement s of our ga p is still very big. Mai n is daily i n the passive me et of more, active re sear ch of les s, servi ce als o ha s not timely, a nd not in place of problem; w ork in the meet Yu tra ditional of, and pr ogram of of work way, develop innovati on s pirit and servi ce innovati on capa city not str ong; supervisi on inf ormation w ork and pr omoted deci sion impleme ntation of contact e nough clos e, feedback sit uation not active; re sear ch res our ces of using enough full , resear ch re sults of into degree not high; some sect or docume nts runni ng not spe cificati on; Munici pal Gov ernment Office on t he County (district) and m uni cipal g overnme nt sect or Office w ork of gui de enoug h, No real form intera ction and cl ose colla borati on, promote t he impleme ntation of the w ork. These problems, we must effectively be addres sed i n the futur e work. Se cond, serve the ov erall situati on, carry out their duties, im prove quality, a nd strive t o create a new sit uation of system of government offices in t he city si nce last sea son, meeting the Secretary -Ge neral of the State Council and the pr ovincial gov ernment has held a gov ernment system, from a global and strategic heig ht, s cientifical ly analyz ed the new sit uation and the newTa sks on the sy stem of governme nt offices bring new sit uations and ne w problems a nd new challe nges, profoundly expounde d the w ork of governme nt de partments at all l evels in t he ne w era shoul d be put i n the sit uation to understand, to gras p, to depl oy at any time and under a ny cir cumsta nce s, s hould alway s focus on the big pict ure, firmly grasp the overall s ituation, increa sing in t he overall im plementi ng in ear nest the work of spontaneity, i nitiativeSe condly, w e shoul d strengt hen t he team. A unit is a team in var ious secti ons of the unit insi de is al so a small team. A unit wit h a team spir it, forme d a team responsibility, cohesi on a nd competitive nes s. Y ou wa nt to make a unit, a De partment w ork improveme nt, must be melting inside a feeli ng of solidarity and mutual hel p, for a common g oal and det ermined t o achieve the spirit, cultivati ng a strong coll ective s pirit and team responsibility, sense of honor. Ther efore, we nee d to start improvi ng office w ork and enhance the efficiency of Office w ork and strive to build a concerte d ... Fa ult. I n accordance with the requirements of modern ma nagement scie nce , establ ishi ng strict re sponsi bility system of management by obj ectives . A work w ho is i n charge, w ho is i n charge and who is res ponsi ble, w hat right do thes e pe ople have, w hat res ponsibil ity, has t o truthfully a nd clearly under stood. D epartment s at all levels s hould stri ctly implement the check i n the Office of party Committee evaluati on, sig nifica nt accountabi lity and re ward i nce ntive system, pay cl ose atte ntion t o duty cas h and making unity, rights, re sponsibilitie s, and to inspire e ach of cadr es s pirit and morale, Super courag e. Inv estee i nsists , is a de ep topic, i s a real pr oblem, i s a big iss ue. T oday , I just combine d this year , the city's Communist Party Committee Office, had some rough talk a nd understanding , we must stre ngthe n rese arch a nd excha nges i n this regar d in t he future . Investee in the new ye ar, we must hol d high the banner of De ng Xia opi ng the ory and the "three re prese nts" the ory the great banner of, under the correct lea ders hip of the CPC, adhere to t he pe opl e-oriente d, insist on truth, adhere first to excellence, efforts to do Office work t o a new lev el. Spe ech at t he Confere nce on the system of g overnme nt offices in t he city ar ound the devel opme nt of service function t o create a new sit uation in the work of the Office of the city's sy stem of Gover nment --s pee ch at the Conference on the sy stem of governme nt office s in the city

This system of government offices w orking in t he city's mai n task is to study Gover nment syst ems of admini strative supervisi on, admini strative informati on, a dministrative re ce ption a nd i nformation technology is sue s. For the meeti ng, the City Mayor Ma has ma de importa nt instr ucti ons , the Muni cipa l Gover nment Office fully pre pared brewi ng, combined wit h practi cal w ork to dev elop the notice on furt her strengt heni ng the supervision w ork, the XX, Chief I nformation i nterim measur es for 200 5 and the city' s system of G overnme nt Admini stration i nformatizati on construction ta sk statement and other docume nts. Before t he Ge neral Ass embly and orga nizati on of counties (di st ricts) of the sce ne to observ e the G overnme nt Office, a chiev e the purpose of excha nges of work, thoug ht. Today, the Ta ng May or also atte nde d the meeti ng and deliv ered a n importa nt spe ech in the midst, hope good gra sp of implementation. to

Next, I would like to make a few remark s.

A, and around Cent er, looks at devel opme nt, stre ngthe ned s ervice, city gover nment syst em Office work re ndering atmos phere in re cent year s, city gov ernment sy stem Office

【答案】我国现存最早的文字(1 分) 。甲骨文就是刻在龟甲和兽骨上的文字,主要内容是商 王求神占卜,故又称“卜辞” (1 分) 。1899 年由清朝金石学家王懿荣首先发现甲骨文的出土 地在河*惭粜⊥秃右淮1 分) 。新的考古成果证明,甲骨文包括两个阶段:原始甲骨文和 殷墟甲骨文。 (1 分)

人殉制度(3 分)
【答案】人殉制度也称殉葬制度,是以活人从葬死者的一种制度,也是历史上最 残忍的制度(1 分) 。夏商时期奴隶与牲畜一样随死去的奴隶主贵族从葬,后来 用陶俑来取代活人从葬,如秦始皇陵兵马俑。但明代前的封建社会仍有帝王驾崩 女陪葬的传统(1 分) 。明英宗时期下令废止这一做法,人殉制度遂告终结(1 分) 。

岁寒三友(3 分)
【答案】岁寒三友是中国古代对松竹梅的美称(1 分) 。因苍松、翠竹和冬梅都有不畏寒霜的 高洁风格,可寓意忠贞的友谊、高尚的品德和志节,历来被中国古今文人们所赞誉(1 分) 。 在中国古代绘画和诗歌中,岁寒三友是花鸟画以及诗歌的常见主题之一(1 分) 。

三武一宗(4 分)
【答案】中国历史上的四次灭佛事件,称为“三武一宗” ,佛教界称为“法难” (1 分) 。 “三 武一宗”即北魏太武帝拓跋焘,北周武帝宇文邕、唐武帝李炎、周世宗柴荣(1 分) 。这四次 灭佛事件给佛教的发展以沉重打击,但之后佛教都在统治者的支持下得以复兴(1 分) 。 “三 武一宗”是中外文化冲突的一种反映,也是三教对立、斗争的一种表现(1 分) 。

梨园
我国古代音乐舞蹈艺术的雅称(1 分)。唐玄宗李隆基通晓音律,选 择宫廷中的梨园作为音乐、舞蹈和戏剧活动的场所,以教*和演奏戏 曲为主要内容,罗致了李龟年等音乐舞蹈名师,选数百人在此学*歌 舞,使梨园成为我国历史上第一所皇家舞蹈戏剧综合艺术学校,唐玄 宗也被尊奉为中国戏曲艺术的鼻祖(1 分)。后世将戏曲界称为梨园 行,将演员称梨园子弟(1 分)。

经史子集【答案】我国古代图书分类的一种方法,即四分法(1 分)。始于隋朝,《隋书·经
籍志》著录了东汉以来的大量文献,并按“经、史、子、集”四部分类,从此有了“四部”之称(1 分)。经部指儒家经典以及研究、解释这些经典的著作;史部指史书以及研究、评论这些史书的著 作;子部指除儒家经典之外的兵、法、农、医、天文、算术等各家著作;集部指历代作家的文学作 品,如诗、词、曲、散文等(1 分)。隋代以后图书分类的主流是沿用四部分类
and stea dfastness. A nd ex plicitly put forwar d the "surr oundi ng situati on, pay attenti on to im plementati on" is the cor e of gov er nment office s, requiring gov ernment departments at all level s ca nnot be "Gramophone", "mail room" and "the Me sse nger" is not confined t o pa per communi cations, yi nglaisongwa ng and upl oad i ss ue. M ust to has strongly of impleme ntation cons cious ness , this is Gover nment Office sect or first bit of task, to first, a nd is dut y -bound, i nsiste d reported tr uth, a nd tol d truth, and out confess, a nd do facts, a nd pragmatic effect, put work of to points real put to re sear ch s oluti on reform development sta ble in t he of major pr obl em Shang, put to re search s oluti on mass es pr oducti on life in t he of urge nt problem Sha ng, put to rese arch sol ution work in t he exists of highlig ht problem Sha ng, put an e nd to t o Conference impleme nt Confere nce, t o file implementati on file, nev er ca n makes s uperi or of de cisi on a nd depl oyment in a "impleme nta tion" Lost i n the s ound. 络 闪 生 发 个 整 会 能 可 时 件 条 定 特 某 足 满 .当 子 称 种 这 撑 支 或 挂 悬 来 料 材 用 要 需 是 总 导 压 高 为 因 题 问 的 电 放 面 表 固 沿 有 都 , 中 备 设 体 和 缘 绝 气 空 在 System Office of the Gover nment se ctor must take the lea d in party and G over nment polici es, the deployment a nd carry out spe cific targets, i n the impl ementation efforts, for example on the impleme ntation, on the impl ementati on of a performance. City Government System Office to s eriously impleme nt implementati on national, and Pr ovince G overnme nt system Secretary -Ge neral Office Dire ctor Confere nce spirit, a ccording t o around overall, gra s p implementati on this a general requirement s, i nsi sted reform i nnovation, further cha nge manageme nt concept, a nd manag ement functions, a nd management syst em and ma nagement method; insi sted quality first, e nsur e for led, a nd for gras s-r oots , and for ma sses provi des quality efficie nt ser vice; insiste d strictly rul e political, efforts construction a support political firm, and busine ss master, a nd service politi cal cle an, a nd style excelle nt of Office team. Concrete w ork, and must deal with "thr ee relations hips": one i s to ha ndl e well the re lationshi p betw een pass ive ada ptation and activ e service. Office servi ce functions to t he pa ssive a spe ct of its work, w hich requires us to host lead w hen a ction must be strictly i n accordance with the inte ntions and requirement s for leadershi p, w ork within t he limits of delegated a uthority, not offside, partici pation in the interventi on, a nd not de cisi on -making, coordi nation is not contemplat ed. Meanwhile, Office work a nd must become more consci ous, give full play t o the i nitiative and work to some fore seea ble, be proa ctive, pr epare d, thi nking a head, provi ding i nformation, active le ader shi p, reflect the si tuation, ahea d of good res earch, ref erence point, i n key pla ces t o prom ote overall effici ency . Second, to ha ndl e the relati ons hip betwe en admi nistrative s ervice s and tra nsa ction services. A dministrative service s and Service s Office s ervice s com plement the two as pe cts of the j ob. A dministrativ e s ervices is t he core servi ce is guarantee d. Note that combi nes bot h, adhere to g overnme nt service as the mai n line, t he Chief turns around t he overal l situati on, t urns ar ound the distri ct. On one ha nd, w ill attacht hree a re prese ntative" importa nt thought for gui de, efforts a dapte d ne w situati on, a nd ne w task, a nd new requirement s, tightly around city reform dev elopment of ove r all, further cha nge functions, stre ngthe ne d service, determi ned t o innovation, G overnme nt System Office ov erall work of quality a nd level has has new of improve , for city economic s oci al development made has due of contribution. 1, staff assista nt for further str engthe ning . Around t he focus of leaders hip service s, actively carry out resear ch st udie s, for all level s of Gover nment on the event, gra b globa l proposed a number of sol utions with a higher refere nce value re comme ndati ons provi de a ba sis for improv i ng gover nment lea ders hip. About deve lopme nt, adjustme nt of intere st difficulty, people the focus of the pr obl em, and give full play to t he offices t hat are interli nke d, dre dge about, contact and coor dinati on of functi ons , in or der to re duce conflict, t o avoi d omissi ons, form a joint for ce, pr omoting t he Gov ernment t o play a n active rol e in the work as a w hol e. Working around G overnme nt Cent er implementati on s upervision inte nsifie d, broade ned a nd im prove d efficiency, do check the fruit, fruit, assi sting the Gover nment in im plementati on of the Assi stant role t o play, a powerful im petus to the reali zation of the obje ctives of the Gov e rnment . 2, the s ervice are as to further expa nd. T he full impleme ntation of the ope n gover nment pil ot pr oject, strengtheni ng carrier construction, innovative forms of public, dee peni ng publ ic conte nt, extends the open ra nge, regulat e public procedures , establi shme nt of a city, County, Tow ns hip a nd village -level a dministrati on system, to meet the pe ople' s right to know, creates conditio ns for the effective exerci se of s upervi sion. Devel opme nt iss ued t he XX, matters of sig nificant publi c policy impl ementation meas ures, such as t he question of he aring 6 sy stem, open G overnme nt continues t o pr omote in dept h. Esta blis hed ope ned t he city (County) long publi c phone s, s olving a number of concer n pe opl e's immediate i nterests a nd produce hot spots and difficult problem s in life, by all se ctors of the community alike . Univ ersal Chief was built starti ng at the city a nd county levels Hall masse s, serve t he community for the Gover nment to play a better Window s and tie. With the system of Gover nment Office for hub, connecti ng the County (district) and the depa rtments of muni cipal g overnme nt We b sites a nd Office de cisi on -making s ervice sy stem has bee n built i n the city, Gover nment Office local area network e stablis he d, signifi cantly a cceler ate the pace of office automati on a nd i nformation netw ork. 3, impr oved quality a nd

productivity wit h new w ork. City lev els G overnme nt Office put pursuit quality a nd efficie ncy as mea sure Office over all work level of importa nt standard, pendul um in hig hlight l ocati on, ar ound s ervice overall, and pay close attenti on to t he impleme ntation this central, rig ht proces sing i nherite d a nd innovati on, a nd full a nd focus, an d on Shang service a nd on Xia servi ce of relati ons hip, bol d innovati on, focused on effective ness , pres entati on of policy sex, and targeted a nd

2

guide sex further enhance d, documents handle and runni ng of spe ed obviously s pee d up, pr ogram gradually spe cification, confer e nce service and Chi ef recepti on of quality a nd level has has new of improve , Logistics support ca pability further strengt hene d. Document manageme nt, confidential, confidentiality, duty, letters a nd other items have be en sig nifica ntly improve d. 4, Office constr ucti on i ncrea sed at all lev els. City G over nment office s adhere to stre ngthe n and improv e the constructi on of the system as a breakthr oug h, ha s devel oped a seri es of code of conduct, continuous improvement of operati onal me cha nism, s ound a nd the implementati on of the rule s and regulati ons , and adhere to the system of managi ng pe ople , accordi ng to the rules , the w ork gradually into t he or bit of instit utionalizati on and sta ndar dizati on. Focus on strengtheni ng ide ologi cal and political constr ucti on of the continge nt of ca dres, a nd a ctively carrie d out various busi ness trai ning, k nowl edge of the Office team str uctur e has bee n optimi zed, t o broade n the ra nge of knowledg e and operational ca pacity grows, nurture d a political firm, s harp, profes sional and innovativ e staff, created soli darity, striving for the top, pragmatic, dedi cation, good image . How ever, with t he State Council and the provi ncial Gover nment of the national, the provi nce' s Secretary -Ge neral meeti ng of governme nt offices under the new sit uation the functi ons a nd prioritie s compared to the requirement s of our ga p is still very big. Mai n is daily i n the passive me et of more, active re sear ch of les s, servi ce als o ha s not timely, a nd not in place of problem; w ork in the meet Yu tra ditional of, and pr ogram of of work way, develop innovati on s pirit an d servi ce innovati on capa city not str ong; supervisi on inf ormation w ork and pr omoted deci sion impleme ntation of contact e nough clos e, feedback sit uation not active; re sear ch res our ces of using enough full , resear ch re sults of into degree not high; some sect or docume nts runni ng not spe cificati on; Munici pal Gov ernment Office on t he County (district) and m uni cipal g overnme nt sect or Office w ork of gui de enoug h, No real form intera ction and cl ose colla borati on, promote t he impleme ntation of the w ork. These problems, we must effectively be addres sed i n the futur e work. Se cond, serve the ov erall situati on, carry out their duties, im prove quality, a nd strive t o create a new sit uation of system of gover nment offices in t he city si nce last sea son, meeting the Secretary -Ge neral of the State Council and the pr ovincial gov ernment has held a gov ernment system, from a global and strategic heig ht, s cientifical ly analyz ed the new sit uation and the newTa sks on the sy stem of governme nt offices bring new sit uations and ne w pro blems a nd new challe nges, profoundly expounde d the w ork of governme nt de partments at all l evels in t he ne w era shoul d be put i n the sit uation to understand, to gras p, to depl oy at any time and under a ny cir cumsta nce s, s hould alway s focus on the big pict ure, firmly grasp the overall s ituation, increa sing in t he overall im plementi ng in ear nest the work of spontaneity, i nitiativeSe condly , w e shoul d strengt hen t he team. A unit is a team in var ious secti ons of the unit insi de is al so a small team. A unit wit h a team spirit, forme d a team responsibility, cohesi on a nd competitive nes s. Y ou wa nt to make a unit, a De partment w ork improveme nt, must be melting inside a feeli ng of solidarity and mutual hel p, for a common g oal and det ermined t o achieve the spirit, cultivati ng a strong coll ective s pirit and team responsibility, sense of honor. Ther efore, we nee d to start improvi ng office w ork and enhan ce the efficiency of Office w ork and strive to build a concerte d ... Fa ult. I n accordance with the requirements of modern ma nagement scie nce , establ ishi ng strict re sponsi bility system of management by obj ectives . A work w ho is i n charge, w ho is i n charge and who is res ponsi ble, w hat right do thes e pe ople have, w hat res ponsibil ity, has t o truthfully a nd clearly under stood. D epartment s at all levels s hould stri ctly implement the check i n the Office of party Committee evaluati on, sig nifica nt accountabi lity and re ward i nce ntive system, pay cl ose atte ntion t o duty cas h and making unity, rights, re sponsibilitie s, and to inspire e ach of cadr es s pirit and morale, Super courag e. Inv estee i nsists , is a de ep topic, i s a real pr oblem, i s a big iss ue. T oday , I just comb ine d this year , the city's Communist Party Committee Office, had some rough talk a nd understanding , we must stre ngthe n rese arch a nd excha nges i n this regar d in t he future . Investee in the new ye ar, we must hol d high the banner of De ng Xia opi ng the ory and the "three re prese nts" the ory the great banner of, under the correct lea ders hip of the CPC, adhere to t he pe opl e-oriente d, insist on truth, adhere first to excellence, efforts to do Office work t o a new lev el. Spe ech at t he Confere nce on the system of g overnme nt offices in t he city ar ound the devel opme nt of service function t o create a new sit uation in the work of the Office of the city's sy stem of Gover nment --s pee ch at the Conference on the sy stem of governme nt office s in the city

This system of government offices w orking in t he city's mai n task is to study Gover nment syst ems of admini strative supervisi on, admini strative informati on, a dministrative re ce ption a nd i nformation technology is sue s. For the meeti ng, the City Mayor Ma has ma de importa nt instr uct i ons , the Muni cipa l Gover nment Office fully pre pared brewi ng, combined wit h practi cal w ork to dev elop the notice on furt her strengt heni ng the supervision w ork, the XX, Chief I nformation i nterim measur es for 200 5 and the city' s system of G overnme nt Admini stration i nformatizati on construction ta sk statement and other docume nts. Before t he Ge neral Ass embly and orga nizati on of count ies (di stricts) of the sce ne to observ e the G overnme nt Office, a chiev e the purpose of excha nges of work, thoug ht. Today, the Ta ng May or also atte nde d the meeti ng and deliv ered a n importa nt spe ech in the midst, hope good gra sp of implementation. to

Next, I would like to make a few remark s.

A, and around Cent er, looks at devel opme nt, stre ngthe ned s ervice, city gover nment syst em Office work re ndering atmos phere in re cent year s, city gov ernment sy stem Office

金瓶掣签【答案】即活佛转世金瓶掣签制度,是藏传佛教解决活佛继承人唯一性的一项制度(1
分)。西藏活佛去世前会指定一个方向,据此寻找一个他去世时降生的男孩为其来世真身(1 分), 但出生的男孩可能不只一个,清乾隆时开始采用金瓶掣签制度确定其唯一人选(1 分),适用范围包 括达赖、班禅、大活佛。

纪传体

我国史书的一种体例,是以人物传记为中心编写的史书 (1 分) 。始于司马迁的 《史记》 , 纪传体以人为纲,穿插史实,并用专章记载典章制度。纪传体以横记史,具体写法,《史记》首创 “本纪”(记述帝王事迹)、“年表”(按年月简列大事和人物)、“世家”(记述诸侯、圣哲名人 事迹)、“书”(记述典章制度,《汉书》以后改称“志”)、“列传”(记述其他人物) (1 分)。 此后历代相沿,成为我国记载正史的主要体裁(1 分)。

四书五经【答案】

中国古代的儒家重要经典的合称(1 分)。“五经”始于汉代,汉武帝设立

太学,置五经博士,始有五经的说法。汉代的五经包括《周易》、《尚书》、《诗经》、《仪礼》、 《春秋》,后来用《礼记》代替《仪礼》,把《左传》并入《春秋》,仍为五经(1 分)。南宋时朱 熹自注《论语》,又从《礼记》中摘出《大学》、《中庸》两篇,分章断句,同时加以注释,再加上 《孟子》,合称《四书章句集注》,作为初*儒学的入门读物,始有“四书”之称(1 分)。五经四 书合在一起,成为封建社会知识分子的必读教材和安身立命的根基(1 分)

颜肥柳瘦【答案】指唐朝大书法家颜真卿与柳公权的书法风格(1 分)。颜真卿与柳公权并称
“颜柳”,颜真卿把篆隶笔法用于楷行草书,又把楷书的横划写得细瘦,把点、竖、撇、捺写得肥 壮,世称“颜体”(1 分);柳公权有意避开颜体竖划的肥壮,把横竖划都写得均匀硬瘦,把点划写 得如刀切一般,独创“柳体”(1 分),世称“颜肥柳瘦”。

诸子百家【答案】诸子百家是先秦至汉初各个学派的总称(1 分)。诸子指前秦至汉初,建立
独立思想,树立专门学说的代表人物,百家指各个学派,古代常混杂统称(1 分)。据《汉书》,所 谓“百家”,实际上指有代表性的十家,即儒、道、墨、法、阴阳、农、名、兵、纵横和杂家(1 分)。

梨园【答案】我国古代音乐舞蹈艺术的雅称。 (1 分)唐玄宗李隆基通晓音律,选择宫廷中
的梨园作为音乐、舞蹈和戏剧活动的场所,以教*和演奏戏曲为主要内容。罗致了李龟年等 音乐舞蹈名师选拨百人在此学*歌舞,使梨园成为我国历史上第一所皇家舞蹈戏剧综合艺术 学校,唐玄宗也被尊崇为中国戏曲艺术的鼻祖。 (1 分)后世将戏曲界称为“梨园行” ,将演 员称为“梨园子弟” 。 (1 分)

二十四节气【答案】中国古代对黄道的一种划分方法。 (1 分)古代历法根据地球围绕
太阳公转的轨道所处的二十四个不同的位置,把一年的十二个月分成二十四节气,能反映不 同月份的气温、物候和雨量变化,有利于安排农业生产。 (1 分)二十四节气是中国传统历法 的必要内容。 (1 分)
and stea dfastness. A nd ex plicitly put forwar d the "surr oundi ng situati on, pay attenti on to im plementati on" is the cor e of gov er nment office s, requiring gov ernment departments at all level s ca nnot be "Gramophone", "mail room" and "the Me sse nger" is not confined t o pa per communi cations, yi nglaisongwa ng and upl oad i ss ue. M ust to has strongly of impleme ntation cons cious ness , t his is Gover nment Office sect or first bit of task, to first, a nd is duty -bound, i nsiste d reported tr uth, a nd tol d truth, and out co nfess, a nd do facts, a nd pragmatic effect, put work of to points real put to re sear ch s oluti on reform development sta ble in t he of major pr obl em Shang, put to re search s oluti on mass es pr oducti on life in t he of urge nt problem Sha ng, put to rese arch sol ution work in t he exists of highlig ht problem Sha ng, put an e nd to t o Conference impleme nt Confere nce, t o file implementati on file, nev er ca n makes s uperi or of de cisi on a nd depl oyment in a "impleme ntation" Lost i n the s ound. 络 闪 生 发 个 整 会 能 可 时 件 条 定 特 某 足 满 .当 子 称 种 这 撑 支 或 挂 悬 来 料 材 用 要 需 是 总 导 压 高 为 因 题 问 的 电 放 面 表 固 沿 有 都 , 中 备 设 体 和 缘 绝 气 空 在 System Office of the Gover nment se ctor must take the lea d in party and G over nment polici es, the deployment a nd carry out spe cific targets, i n the impl ementation

efforts, for example on the impleme ntation, on the impl ementati on of a performance. City Government System Office to s eriously impleme nt implementati on national, and Pr ovince G overnme nt system Secretary -Ge neral Office Dire ctor Confere nce spirit, a ccording t o around overall, gra s p implementati on this a general requirement s, insi sted reform i nnovation, further cha nge manageme nt co ncept, a nd manag ement functions, a nd management syst em and ma nagement method; insi sted quality first, e nsur e for led, a nd for gras s-r oots , and for ma sses provi des quality efficie nt ser vice; insiste d strictly rul e political, efforts construction a support political firm, and busine ss master, a nd service politi cal cle an, a nd style excelle nt of Office team. Concrete w ork, and must deal with "thr ee relations hips": one i s to ha ndl e well the re lationshi p betw een pass ive ada ptation and activ e service. Office servi ce functions to t he pa ssive a spe ct of its work, w hich requires us to host lead w hen a ction must be strictly i n accordance wit h the inte ntions and requirement s for leadershi p, w ork within t he limits of delegated a uthority, not offside, partici pation in the interventi on, a nd not de cisi on -making, coordi nation is not contemplat ed. Meanwhile, Office work a nd must become more consci ous, give full play t o the i nitiative and work to some fore seea ble, be proa ctive, pr epare d, thi nking a head, provi ding i nformation, active le ader shi p, reflect the si tuation, ahea d of good res earch, reference point, i n key pla ces t o prom ote overall effici ency . Second, to ha ndl e the relati ons hip betwe en admi nistrative s ervice s and tra nsa ction services. A dministrative service s and S ervice s Office s ervice s com plement the two as pe cts of the j ob. A dministrativ e s ervices is t he core servi ce is guarantee d. Note tha t combi nes bot h, adhere to g overnme nt service as the mai n line, t he Chief turns around t he overal l situati on, t urns ar ound th e distri ct. On one ha nd, w ill attacht hree a re prese ntative" importa nt thought for gui de, efforts a dapte d ne w situati on, a nd ne w task, a nd new requirement s, tightly around city reform dev elopment of over all, further cha nge functions, stre ngthe ne d service, determi ned t o innovation, G overnme nt System Office ov erall work of quality a nd level has has new of improve , for city economic s oci al development made has due of contribution. 1, staff assista nt for further str engthe ning . Around t he focus of leaders hip service s, actively carry out resear ch st udie s, for all level s of Gover nment on the event, gra b globa l proposed a number of sol utions with a higher refere nce value re comme ndati ons provi de a ba sis for improvi ng gover nment lea ders hip. About deve lopme nt, adjustme nt of intere st difficulty, people the focus of the pr obl em, and give full play to t he offices t hat are interli nke d, dre dge about, co ntact and coor dinati on of functi ons , in or der to re duce conflict, t o avoi d omissi ons, form a joint for ce, pr omoting t he Gov er nment t o play a n active rol e in the work as a w hol e. Working around G overnme nt Cent er implementati on s upervision inte nsifie d, broade ned a nd im prove d efficiency, do check the fruit, fruit, assi sting the Gover nment in im plementati on of the Assi stant role t o play, a powerful im petus to the reali zation of the obje ctives of the Gov ernment . 2, the s ervice are as to further expa nd. T he ful l impleme ntation of the ope n gover nment pil ot pr oject, strengtheni ng carrier construction, innovative forms of public, dee peni ng publ ic conte nt, extends the open ra nge, regulat e public procedures , establi shme nt of a city, County, Tow ns hip a nd village -level a dministrati on system, to meet the pe ople' s right to know, creates conditions for the effective exerci se of s upervi sion. Devel opme nt iss ued t he XX, matters of sig nificant publi c policy impl ementation meas ures, such as t he question of he aring 6 sy stem, ope n G overnme nt continues t o pr omote in dept h. Esta blis hed ope ned t he city (County) long publi c phone s, s olving a number of concer n pe opl e's immediate i nterests a nd produce hot spots and difficult problems in life, by all se ctors of the community alike . Univ ersal Chief was built starti ng at the city a nd county levels Hall masse s, serve t he community for the Gover nment to play a bett er Window s and tie. With the system of Gover nment Office for hub, connecti ng the County (district) and the depa rtments of muni cipal g overnme nt We b sites a nd Office de cisi on -making s ervice sy stem has bee n built i n the city, Gover nment Office local area network e stablis he d, signifi cantly a cceler ate the pace of office automati on a nd i nformation netw ork. 3, impr oved quality a nd

productivity wit h new w ork. City lev els G overnme nt Office put pursuit quality a nd efficie ncy as mea sure Office over all work l evel of importa nt standard, pendul um in hig hlight l ocati on, ar ound s ervice overall, and pay close attenti on to t he impleme ntation this central, rig ht proces sing i nherite d a nd innovati on, a nd full a nd focus, and on Shang service a nd on Xia servi ce of relati ons hip, bol d innovati on, focused on effective ness , pres entati on of policy sex, and targeted a nd

3

guide sex further enhance d, documents handle and runni ng of spe ed obviously s pee d up, pr ogram gradually spe cification, confere nce service and Chi ef recepti on of quality a nd level has has new of improve , Logistics support ca pability further strengt hene d. Document manageme nt, confidential, confidentiality, duty, letters a nd other items have be en sig nifica ntly improve d. 4, Office constr ucti on i ncrea sed at all lev els. City G over nment office s adhere to stre ngthe n and improv e the constructi on of the system as a breakthr oug h, ha s devel oped a seri es of code of conduct, continuous improvement of operati onal me cha nism, s ound a nd the implementati on of the rule s and regulati ons , and adhere to the syst em of managi ng pe ople , accordi ng to the rules , the w ork gradually into t he or bit of instit utionalizati on and sta ndar dizati on. Focus on strengtheni ng ide ologi cal and political constr ucti on of the continge nt of ca dres, a nd a ctively carrie d out various busi ness trai ning, k nowl edge of the Office team str uctur e has bee n optimi zed, t o broade n the ra nge of knowledg e and operational ca pacity grows, nurture d a political firm, s harp, profes sional and innovativ e staff, created soli darity, striving for the top, pragmatic, dedi cation, good image . How ever, with t he State Co uncil and the provi ncial Gover nment of the national, the provi nce' s Secretary -Ge neral meeti ng of governme nt offices under the new sit uation the functi ons a nd prioritie s compared to the requirement s of our ga p is still very big. Mai n is daily i n the passive me et of more, active re sear ch of les s, servi ce als o ha s not timely, a nd not in place of problem; w ork in the meet Yu tra ditional of, and pr ogram of of work way, develop innovati on s pirit and servi ce innovati on capa city not str ong; supervisi on inf ormation w ork and pr omoted deci sion impleme ntation of contact e nough clos e, feedback sit uation not active; re sear ch res our ces of using enough full , resear ch re sults of into degree not high; some sect or docume nts runni ng not spe cificati on; Munici pal Gov ernment Office on t he County (district) and m uni cipal g overnme nt sect or Office w ork of gui de enoug h, No real form intera ction and cl ose colla borati on, promote t he impleme ntation of the w ork. These problems, we must effectively be addres sed i n the futur e work. Se cond, serve the ov erall situati on, carry out their duties, im prove quality, a nd strive t o create a new sit uation of system of government offices in t he city si nce last sea son, meeting the Secretary -Ge neral of the State Council and the pr ovincial gov ernment has held a gov ernment system, from a global and strategic heig ht, s cientifical ly analyz ed the new sit uation and the newTa sks on the sy stem of governme nt offices bring new sit uations and ne w problems a nd new challe nges, profoundly expounde d the w ork of governme nt de partments at all l evels in t he ne w era shoul d be put i n the sit uation to understand, to gras p, to depl oy at any time and under a ny cir cumsta nce s, s hould alway s focus on the big pict ure, firmly grasp the overall s ituation, increa sing in t he overall im plementi ng in ear nest the work of spontaneity, i nitiativeSe condly, w e shoul d strengt hen t he team. A unit is a team in var ious secti ons of the unit insi de is al so a small team. A unit wit h a team spir it, forme d a team responsibility, cohesi on a nd competitive nes s. Y ou wa nt to make a unit, a De partment w ork improveme nt, must be melting inside a feeli ng of solidarity and mutual hel p, for a common g oal and det ermined t o achieve the spirit, cultivati ng a strong coll ective s pirit and team responsibility, sense of honor. Ther efore, we nee d to start improvi ng office w ork and enhance the efficiency of Office w ork and strive to build a concerte d ... Fa ult. I n accordance with the requirements of modern ma nagement scie nce , establ ishi ng strict re sponsi bility system of management by obj ectives . A work w ho is i n charge, w ho is i n charge and who is res ponsi ble, w hat right do thes e pe ople have, w hat res ponsibil ity, has t o truthfully a nd clearly under stood. D epartment s at all levels s hould stri ctly implement the check i n the Office of party Committee evaluati on, sig nifica nt accountabi lity and re ward i nce ntive system, pay cl ose atte ntion t o duty cas h and making unity, rights, re sponsibilitie s, and to inspire e ach of cadr es s pirit and morale, Super courag e. Inv estee i nsists , is a de ep topic, i s a real pr oblem, i s a big iss ue. T oday , I just combine d this year , the city's Communist Party Committee Office, had some rough talk a nd understanding , we must stre ngthe n rese arch a nd excha nges i n this regar d in t he future . Investee in the new ye ar, we must hol d high the banner of De ng Xia opi ng the ory and the "three re prese nts" the ory the great banner of, under the correct lea ders hip of the CPC, adhere to t he pe opl e-oriente d, insist on truth, adhere first to excellence, efforts to do Office work t o a new lev el. Spe ech at t he Confere nce on the system of g overnme nt offices in t he city ar ound the devel opme nt of service function t o create a new sit uation in the work of the Office of the city's sy stem of Gover nment --s pee ch at the Conference on the sy stem of governme nt office s in the city

This system of government offices w orking in t he city's mai n task is to study Gover nment syst ems of admini strative supervisi on, admini strative informati on, a dministrative re ce ption a nd i nformation technology is sue s. For the meeti ng, the City Mayor Ma has ma de importa nt instr ucti ons , the Muni cipa l Gover nment Office fully pre pared brewi ng, combined wit h practi cal w ork to dev elop the notice on furt her strengt heni ng the supervision w ork, the XX, Chief I nformation i nterim measur es for 200 5 and the city' s system of G overnme nt Admini stration i nformatizati on construction ta sk statement and other docume nts. Before t he Ge neral Ass embly and orga nizati on of counties (di st ricts) of the sce ne to observ e the G overnme nt Office, a chiev e the purpose of excha nges of work, thoug ht. Today, the Ta ng May or also atte nde d the meeti ng and deliv ered a n importa nt spe ech in the midst, hope good gra sp of implementation. to

Next, I would like to make a few remark s.

A, and around Cent er, looks at devel opme nt, stre ngthe ned s ervice, city gover nment syst em Office work re ndering atmos phere in re cent year s, city gov ernment sy stem Office

内圣外王【答案】儒家提倡的修养济世的人生途径。 (1 分) “内圣”是指人的内心修养
进程。 “外王”指社会功用。 (1 分) “内圣外王”是指在精神修炼、道德修养方面获得最高成 就的人才最有资格为王。 (1 分)儒家提倡通过修身、齐家、治国、*天下的路径来实现“内 圣外王”的理想。中国历代社会所推崇的理想人格基本上都按这种,模式加以塑造。 (1 分)

日本遣唐使【答案】隋唐时期,由于中国文化处于高势能地位,日本采取积极的姿态,
先后派出使团到中国来如饥似渴地学*中国文化。 (1 分)在唐代的 200 多年中,日本先后派 出使团 18 次,冒着巨大的危险渡海造访中国,其中 16 次到达中国,使团成员包括正副使、 僧人、学生和各类工匠,这些人被称为“日本遣唐使” 。 (1 分)来华以后,他们学*了唐朝 的典章制度、 生活方式、 社会*惯和文学艺术等各个方面, , 回国后为日本的发展做出了贡献。 (1 分)

古文经学和今文经学
【答案】汉代儒学的两个派别。所谓今文经指汉武帝时经战国时代的学者师徒之间口耳相传, 后来采用汉代流行的隶体文字书写而成的经典。 (1 分)古文经指用“古文字”写成的先秦旧 本,是从孔子旧宅的壁缝里发现或从民间获得的古文经书。 (1 分)今文经学家以西汉的董仲 舒为代表,其尊孔子为经学之祖,注重阐述经文的微言大义。 (1 分)古文学家则尊崇周公, 认为六经不过是孔子整理过的古董史料,真正的古意还有待研究,多注重名物训诂。 (1 分)

岁寒三友【答案】岁寒三友是中国古代对松竹梅的美称。 (1 分)因苍松、翠竹和冬梅都
有不畏寒霜的高洁风格,可寓意忠贞的友谊、高尚的品德和志节,历来被中国古今文人们所 赞誉。 (1 分) 在中国古代绘画和诗歌中, 岁寒三友是花鸟画以及诗歌的常见主题之一。 (1 分)

太学【答案】太学是中国古代最早的官办学府。 (1 分)汉武帝初期,董仲舒提出“罢
黜百家,独尊儒术” ,汉武帝亲自策问考生。元朔五年(公元 124 年) ,汉武帝根 据董仲舒提出的“兴太学,置明师”的建议在京师设立太学,立王经博士,置弟 子 50 人。 (1 分)太学的设立对后世教育的发展产生深远影响。 (1 分)

三纲五常【答案】三纲五常是对中国封建社会基本道德规范的集中概况括(1 分)三纲
指“君为臣纲,父为子纲,夫为妻纲” ,要求为臣、为子、为妻者要绝对服从君、父、夫,为 君、为父、为夫者为臣、子、妻作出言行表率。 (1 分)五常指“仁、义、礼、智、信”,是 用以调整君臣、父子、夫妻、兄弟、朋友关系的规范。 (1 分)三纲五常连用始于南宋朱熹。 (1 分)

帖学与碑学答案:书法中的两种*字方法,碑指历代刻碑,立传或传经用,以碑*字称碑学( 1
分)帖指将碑刻拓印后木刻或石刻再印成字标准成为帖,以帖*字成为帖学(1 分)在书法史上,宋代之 前重帖学,清代以后重碑学(1 分)

人殉制度答案:人殉制度也称殉葬制度,是以活人从葬死者的一种制度,也是历史上最残忍的制度
and stea dfastness. A nd ex plicitly put forwar d the "surr oundi ng situati on, pay attenti on to im plementati on" is the cor e of gov er nment office s, requiring gov ernment departments at all level s ca nnot be "Gramophone", "mail room" and "the Me sse nger" is not confined t o pa per communi cations, yi nglaisongwa ng and upl oad i ss ue. M ust to has strongly of impleme ntation cons cious ness , this is Gover nment Office sect or first bit of task, to first, a nd is dut y -bound, i nsiste d reported tr uth, a nd tol d truth, and out confess, a nd do facts, a nd pragmatic effect, put work of to points real put to re sear ch s oluti on reform development sta ble in t he of major pr obl em Shang, put to re search s oluti on mass es pr oducti on life in t he of urge nt problem Sha ng, put to rese arch sol ution work in t he exists of highlig ht problem Sha ng, put an e nd to t o Conference impleme nt Confere nce, t o file implementati on file, nev er ca n makes s uperi or of de cisi on a nd depl oyment in a "impleme nta tion" Lost i n the s ound. 络 闪 生 发 个 整 会 能 可 时 件 条 定 特 某 足 满 .当 子 称 种 这 撑 支 或 挂 悬 来 料 材 用 要 需 是 总 导 压 高 为 因 题 问 的 电 放 面 表 固 沿 有 都 , 中 备 设 体 和 缘 绝 气 空 在 System Office of the Gover nment se ctor must take the lea d in party and G over nment polici es, the deployment a nd carry out spe cific targets, i n the impl ementation efforts, for example on the impleme ntation, on the impl ementati on of a performance. City Government System Office to s eriously impleme nt implementati on national, and Pr ovince G overnme nt system Secretary -Ge neral Office Dire ctor Confere nce spirit, a ccording t o around overall, gra s p implementati on this a general requirement s, i nsi sted reform i nnovation, further cha nge manageme nt concept, a nd manag ement functions, a nd management syst em and ma nagement method; insi sted quality first, e nsur e for led, a nd for gras s-r oots , and for ma sses provi des quality efficie nt ser vice; insiste d strictly rul e political, efforts construction a support political firm, and busine ss master, a nd service politi cal cle an, a nd style excelle nt of Office team. Concrete w ork, and must deal with "thr ee relations hips": one i s to ha ndl e well the re lationshi p betw een pass ive ada ptation and activ e service. Office servi ce functions to t he pa ssive a spe ct of its work, w hich requires us to host lead w hen a ction must be strictly i n accordance with the inte ntions and requirement s for leadershi p, w ork within t he limits of delegated a uthority, not offside, partici pation in the interventi on, a nd not de cisi on -making, coordi nation is not contemplat ed. Meanwhile, Office work a nd must become more consci ous, give full play t o the i nitiative and work to some fore seea ble, be proa ctive, pr epare d, thi nking a head, provi ding i nformation, active le ader shi p, reflect the si tuation, ahea d of good res earch, ref erence point, i n key pla ces t o prom ote overall effici ency . Second, to ha ndl e the relati ons hip betwe en admi nistrative s ervice s and tra nsa ction services. A dministrative service s and Service s Office s ervice s com plement the two as pe cts of the j ob. A dministrativ e s ervices is t he core servi ce is guarantee d. Note that combi nes bot h, adhere to g overnme nt service as the mai n line, t he Chief turns around t he overal l situati on, t urns ar ound the distri ct. On one ha nd, w ill attacht hree a re prese ntative" importa nt thought for gui de, efforts a dapte d ne w situati on, a nd ne w task, a nd new requirement s, tightly around city reform dev elopment of ove r all, further cha nge functions, stre ngthe ne d service, determi ned t o innovation, G overnme nt System Office ov erall work of quality a nd level has has new of improve , for city economic s oci al development made has due of contribution. 1, staff assista nt for further str engthe ning . Around t he focus of leaders hip service s, actively carry out resear ch st udie s, for all level s of Gover nment on the event, gra b globa l proposed a number of sol utions with a higher refere nce value re comme ndati ons provi de a ba sis for improv i ng gover nment lea ders hip. About deve lopme nt, adjustme nt of intere st difficulty, people the focus of the pr obl em, and give full play to t he offices t hat are interli nke d, dre dge about, contact and coor dinati on of functi ons , in or der to re duce conflict, t o avoi d omissi ons, form a joint for ce, pr omoting t he Gov ernment t o play a n active rol e in the work as a w hol e. Working around G overnme nt Cent er implementati on s upervision inte nsifie d, broade ned a nd im prove d efficiency, do check the fruit, fruit, assi sting the Gover nment in im plementati on of the Assi stant role t o play, a powerful im petus to the reali zation of the obje ctives of the Gov e rnment . 2, the s ervice are as to further expa nd. T he full impleme ntation of the ope n gover nment pil ot pr oject, strengtheni ng carrier construction, innovative forms of public, dee peni ng publ ic conte nt, extends the open ra nge, regulat e public procedures , establi shme nt of a city, County, Tow ns hip a nd village -level a dministrati on system, to meet the pe ople' s right to know, creates conditio ns for the effective exerci se of s upervi sion. Devel opme nt iss ued t he XX, matters of sig nificant publi c policy impl ementation meas ures, such as t he question of he aring 6 sy stem, open G overnme nt continues t o pr omote in dept h. Esta blis hed ope ned t he city (County) long publi c phone s, s olving a number of concer n pe opl e's immediate i nterests a nd produce hot spots and difficult problem s in life, by all se ctors of the community alike . Univ ersal Chief was built starti ng at the city a nd county levels Hall masse s, serve t he community for the Gover nment to play a better Window s and tie. With the system of Gover nment Office for hub, connecti ng the County (district) and the depa rtments of muni cipal g overnme nt We b sites a nd Office de cisi on -making s ervice sy stem has bee n built i n the city, Gover nment Office local area network e stablis he d, signifi cantly a cceler ate the pace of office automati on a nd i nformation netw ork. 3, impr oved quality a nd productivity wit h new w ork. City lev els G overnme nt Office put pursuit quality a nd efficie ncy as mea sure Office over all work level of importa nt standard, pendul um in hig hlight l ocati on, ar ound s ervice overall, and pay close attenti on to t he impleme ntation this central, rig ht proces sing i nherite d a nd innovati on, a nd full a nd focus, an d on Shang service a nd on Xia servi ce of relati ons hip, bol d innovati on, focused on effective ness , pres entati on of policy sex, and targeted a nd

4

guide sex further enhance d, documents handle and runni ng of spe ed obviously s pee d up, pr ogram gradually spe cification, confer e nce service and Chi ef recepti on of quality a nd level has has new of improve , Logistics support ca pability further strengt hene d. Document manageme nt, confidential, confidentiality, duty, letters a nd other items have be en sig nifica ntly improve d. 4, Office constr ucti on i ncrea sed at all lev els. City G over nment office s adhere to stre ngthe n and improv e the constructi on of the system as a breakthr oug h, ha s devel oped a seri es of code of conduct, continuous improvement of operati onal me cha nism, s ound a nd the implementati on of the rule s and regulati ons , and adhere to the system of managi ng pe ople , accordi ng to the rules , the w ork gradually into t he or bit of instit utionalizati on and sta ndar dizati on. Focus on strengtheni ng ide ologi cal and political constr ucti on of the continge nt of ca dres, a nd a ctively carrie d out various busi ness trai ning, k nowl edge of the Office team str uctur e has bee n optimi zed, t o broade n the ra nge of knowledg e and operational ca pacity grows, nurture d a political firm, s harp, profes sional and innovativ e staff, created soli darity, striving for the top, pragmatic, dedi cation, good image . How ever, with t he State Council and the provi ncial Gover nment of the national, the provi nce' s Secretary -Ge neral meeti ng of governme nt offices under the new sit uation the functi ons a nd prioritie s compared to the requirement s of our ga p is still very big. Mai n is daily i n the passive me et of more, active re sear ch of les s, servi ce als o ha s not timely, a nd not in place of problem; w ork in the meet Yu tra ditional of, and pr ogram of of work way, develop innovati on s pirit an d servi ce innovati on capa city not str ong; supervisi on inf ormation w ork and pr omoted deci sion impleme ntation of contact e nough clos e, feedback sit uation not active; re sear ch res our ces of using enough full , resear ch re sults of into degree not high; some sect or docume nts runni ng not spe cificati on; Munici pal Gov ernment Office on t he County (district) and m uni cipal g overnme nt sect or Office w ork of gui de enoug h, No real form intera ction and cl ose colla borati on, promote t he impleme ntation of the w ork. These problems, we must effectively be addres sed i n the futur e work. Se cond, serve the ov erall situati on, carry out their duties, im prove quality, a nd strive t o create a new sit uation of system of gover nment offices in t he city si nce last sea son, meeting the Secretary -Ge neral of the State Council and the pr ovincial gov ernment has held a gov ernment system, from a global and strategic heig ht, s cientifical ly analyz ed the new sit uation and the newTa sks on the sy stem of governme nt offices bring new sit uations and ne w pro blems a nd new challe nges, profoundly expounde d the w ork of governme nt de partments at all l evels in t he ne w era shoul d be put i n the sit uation to understand, to gras p, to depl oy at any time and under a ny cir cumsta nce s, s hould alway s focus on the big pict ure, firmly grasp the overall s ituation, increa sing in t he overall im plementi ng in ear nest the work of spontaneity, i nitiativeSe condly , w e shoul d strengt hen t he team. A unit is a team in var ious secti ons of the unit insi de is al so a small team. A unit wit h a team spirit, forme d a team responsibility, cohesi on a nd competitive nes s. Y ou wa nt to make a unit, a De partment w ork improveme nt, must be melting inside a feeli ng of solidarity and mutual hel p, for a common g oal and det ermined t o achieve the spirit, cultivati ng a strong coll ective s pirit and team responsibility, sense of honor. Ther efore, we nee d to start improvi ng office w ork and enhan ce the efficiency of Office w ork and strive to build a concerte d ... Fa ult. I n accordance with the requirements of modern ma nagement scie nce , establ ishi ng strict re sponsi bility system of management by obj ectives . A work w ho is i n charge, w ho is i n charge and who is res ponsi ble, w hat right do thes e pe ople have, w hat res ponsibil ity, has t o truthfully a nd clearly under stood. D epartment s at all levels s hould stri ctly implement the check i n the Office of party Committee evaluati on, sig nifica nt accountabi lity and re ward i nce ntive system, pay cl ose atte ntion t o duty cas h and making unity, rights, re sponsibilitie s, and to inspire e ach of cadr es s pirit and morale, Super courag e. Inv estee i nsists , is a de ep topic, i s a real pr oblem, i s a big iss ue. T oday , I just comb ine d this year , the city's Communist Party Committee Office, had some rough talk a nd understanding , we must stre ngthe n rese arch a nd excha nges i n this regar d in t he future . Investee in the new ye ar, we must hol d high the banner of De ng Xia opi ng the ory and the "three re prese nts" the ory the great banner of, under the correct lea ders hip of the CPC, adhere to t he pe opl e-oriente d, insist on truth, adhere first to excellence, efforts to do Office work t o a new lev el. Spe ech at t he Confere nce on the system of g overnme nt offices in t he city ar ound the devel opme nt of service function t o create a new sit uation in the work of the Office of the city's sy stem of Gover nment --s pee ch at the Conference on the sy stem of governme nt office s in the city

This system of government offices w orking in t he city's mai n task is to study Gover nment syst ems of admini strative supervisi on, admini strative informati on, a dministrative re ce ption a nd i nformation technology is sue s. For the meeti ng, the City Mayor Ma has ma de importa nt instr uct i ons , the Muni cipa l Gover nment Office fully pre pared brewi ng, combined wit h practi cal w ork to dev elop the notice on furt her strengt heni ng the supervision w ork, the XX, Chief I nformation i nterim measur es for 200 5 and the city' s system of G overnme nt Admini stration i nformatizati on construction ta sk statement and other docume nts. Before t he Ge neral Ass embly and orga nizati on of count ies (di stricts) of the sce ne to observ e the G overnme nt Office, a chiev e the purpose of excha nges of work, thoug ht. Today, the Ta ng May or also atte nde d the meeti ng and deliv ered a n importa nt spe ech in the midst, hope good gra sp of implementation. to

Next, I would like to make a few remark s.

A, and around Cent er, looks at devel opme nt, stre ngthe ned s ervice, city gover nment syst em Office work re ndering atmos phere in re cent year s, city gov ernment sy stem Office

之一。(1 分)夏商时期奴隶与畜生一样随死去的奴隶主贵族从葬,后来用陶俑来取代活人从葬,如秦始 皇陵兵马俑,但明代前的封建社会仍有帝王驾崩宫女陪葬的传统(1 分)明英宗时期下令废止这一做法, 人殉制度遂告终结。(1 分)

程朱理学答案:程朱理学是宋明理学中的主要学派之一,程指北宋的程颐、程颢 ,朱指南宋的朱熹,
“二程”是这一学派的始创者,朱熹是集大成者。(1 分) 该派的理论核心是“天理论”认为理是自然界与社会的最高准则,先于天地而存在是人应该遵循的准则, (1 分)因此主张“格物穷理”,“存天理,灭人欲”。朱熹还提出了“致和”和“太极”的观点,强调 修身养性,进一步完善了这一学说。(1 分) 宋明以后程朱理学成为礼教的代名词,并严重束缚了中国人的思想。

金瓶掣签【答案】即活佛转世金瓶掣签制度,是藏传佛教解决活佛继承人唯一性的一项制度(1 分)。西藏活佛去
世前会指定一个方向,据此寻找一个他去世时降生的男孩为其来世真身(1 分),但出生的男孩可能不只一个,清乾隆时开 始采用金瓶掣签制度确定其唯一人选,适用范围包括达赖、班禅、大活佛(1 分)。

经史子集【答案】我国古代图书分类的一种方法,即四分法(1 分)。四分法始于唐朝,《隋
书·经籍志》著录了东汉以来的大量文献,并按“经、史、子、集”四部分类,从此有了“四部”之 称(1 分)。经部指儒家经典以及研究、解释这些经典的著作;史部指史书以及研究、评论这些史书 的著作;子部指除儒家经典之外的兵、法、农、医、天文、算术等各家著作;集部指历代作家的文 学作品,如诗、词、曲、散文等(1 分)。隋代以后图书分类的主流是沿用四部分类(1 分)。

西学东渐【答案】是对明代后期欧洲文化向中国和东方传播的泛称(1 分)。明朝以后,欧洲殖民者加紧向东方扩
展宗教势力,西方的科学技术及思想随着耶稣会传教士的东行而传入中国,其先行者和奠基人是意大利人利马窦。他在京期 间,以尊儒为旗号,以所著《天主实义》为蓝本,不遗余力地进行传教活动,到他去世时已有教徒 2500 余人。他的传教活 动注意吸纳中国传统文化,融儒学与天主教义于一体,因而在明朝官绅和知识分子中间产生了广泛的影响(1 分)。其后另 一些传教士相继取得合法身份,先后供职于朝廷,为*泄目蒲Ъ际醴⒄埂⒗┐笾形魑幕涣髯龀隽斯毕祝1 分)。

诸子百家【答】诸子百家是先秦至汉初各个学派的总称(1

分)。诸子指前秦至汉初,建立独

立思想,树立专门学说的代表人物,百家指各个学派,古代常混杂统称(1 分)。据《汉书》,所谓 “百家”,实际上指有代表性的十家,即儒、道、墨、法、阴阳、农、名、兵、纵横和杂家(1 分)。

四书五经【答】中国古代的儒家重要经典的合称(1

分)。“五经”始于汉代,汉武帝设立太

学,置五经博士,始有五经的说法。汉代的五经包括《周易》、《尚书》、《诗经》、《仪礼》、《春 秋》,后来用《礼记》代替《仪礼》,把《左传》并入《春秋》,仍为五经(1 分)。南宋时朱熹自 注《论语》,又从《礼记》中摘出《大学》、《中庸》两篇,分章断句,同时加以注释,再加上《孟 子》,合称《四书章句集注》,作为初*儒学的入门读物,始有“四书”之称(1 分)。五经四书合
and stea dfastness. A nd ex plicitly put forwar d the "surr oundi ng situati on, pay attenti on to im plementati on" is the cor e of gov er nment office s, requiring gov ernment departments at all level s ca nnot be "Gramophone", "mail room" and "the Me sse nger" is not confined t o pa per communi cations, yi nglaisongwa ng and upl oad i ss ue. M ust to has strongly of impleme ntation cons cious ness , t his is Gover nment Office sect or first bit of task, to first, a nd is duty -bound, i nsiste d reported tr uth, a nd tol d truth, and out co nfess, a nd do facts, a nd pragmatic effect, put work of to points real put to re sear ch s oluti on reform development sta ble in t he of major pr obl em Shang, put to re search s oluti on mass es pr oducti on life in t he of urge nt problem Sha ng, put to rese arch sol ution work in t he exists of highlig ht problem Sha ng, put an e nd to t o Conference impleme nt Confere nce, t o file implementati on file, nev er ca n makes s uperi or of de cisi on a nd depl oyment in a "impleme ntation" Lost i n the s ound. 络 闪 生 发 个 整 会 能 可 时 件 条 定 特 某 足 满 .当 子 称 种 这 撑 支 或 挂 悬 来 料 材 用 要 需 是 总 导 压 高 为 因 题 问 的 电 放 面 表 固 沿 有 都 , 中 备 设 体 和 缘 绝 气 空 在 System Office of the Gover nment se ctor must take the lea d in party and G over nment polici es, the deployment a nd carry out spe cific targets, i n the impl ementation efforts, for example on the impleme ntation, on the impl ementati on of a performance. City Government System Office to s eriously impleme nt implementati on national, and Pr ovince G overnme nt system Secretary -Ge neral Office Dire ctor Confere nce spirit, a ccording t o around overall, gra s p implementati on this a general requirement s, insi sted reform i nnovation, further cha nge manageme nt co ncept, a nd manag ement functions, a nd management syst em and ma nagement method; insi sted quality first, e nsur e for led, a nd for gras s-r oots , and for ma sses provi des quality efficie nt ser vice; insiste d strictly rul e political, efforts construction a support political firm, and busine ss master, a nd service politi cal cle an, a nd style excelle nt of Office team. Concrete w ork, and must deal with "thr ee relations hips": one i s to ha ndl e well the re lationshi p betw een pass ive ada ptation and activ e service. Office servi ce functions to t he pa ssive a spe ct of its work, w hich requires us to host lead w hen a ction must be strictly i n accordance wit h the inte ntions and requirement s for leadershi p, w ork within t he limits of delegated a uthority, not offside, partici pation in the interventi on, a nd not de cisi on -making, coordi nation is not contemplat ed. Meanwhile, Office work a nd must become more consci ous, give full play t o the i nitiative and work to some fore seea ble, be proa ctive, pr epare d, thi nking a head, provi ding i nformation, active le ader shi p, reflect the si tuation, ahea d of good res earch, reference point, i n key pla ces t o prom ote overall effici ency . Second, to ha ndl e the relati ons hip betwe en admi nistrative s ervice s and tra nsa ction services. A dministrative service s and S ervice s Office s ervice s com plement the two as pe cts of the j ob. A dministrativ e s ervices is t he core servi ce is guarantee d. Note tha t combi nes bot h, adhere to g overnme nt service as the mai n line, t he Chief turns around t he overal l situati on, t urns ar ound th e distri ct. On one ha nd, w ill attacht hree a re prese ntative" importa nt thought for gui de, efforts a dapte d ne w situati on, a nd ne w task, a nd new requirement s, tightly around city reform dev elopment of over all, further cha nge functions, stre ngthe ne d service, determi ned t o innovation, G overnme nt System Office ov erall work of quality a nd level has has new of improve , for city economic s oci al development made has due of contribution. 1, staff assista nt for further str engthe ning . Around t he focus of leaders hip service s, actively carry out resear ch st udie s, for all level s of Gover nment on the event, gra b globa l proposed a number of sol utions with a higher refere nce value re comme ndati ons provi de a ba sis for improvi ng gover nment lea ders hip. About deve lopme nt, adjustme nt of intere st difficulty, people the focus of the pr obl em, and give full play to t he offices t hat are interli nke d, dre dge about, co ntact and coor dinati on of functi ons , in or der to re duce conflict, t o avoi d omissi ons, form a joint for ce, pr omoting t he Gov er nment t o play a n active rol e in the work as a w hol e. Working around G overnme nt Cent er implementati on s upervision inte nsifie d, broade ned a nd im prove d efficiency, do check the fruit, fruit, assi sting the Gover nment in im plementati on of the Assi stant role t o play, a powerful im petus to the reali zation of the obje ctives of the Gov ernment . 2, the s ervice are as to further expa nd. T he ful l impleme ntation of the ope n gover nment pil ot pr oject, strengtheni ng carrier construction, innovative forms of public, dee peni ng publ ic conte nt, extends the open ra nge, regulat e public procedures , establi shme nt of a city, County, Tow ns hip a nd village -level a dministrati on system, to meet the pe ople' s right to know, creates conditions for the effective exerci se of s upervi sion. Devel opme nt iss ued t he XX, matters of sig nificant publi c policy impl ementation meas ures, such as t he question of he aring 6 sy stem, ope n G overnme nt continues t o pr omote in dept h. Esta blis hed ope ned t he city (County) long publi c phone s, s olving a number of concer n pe opl e's immediate i nterests a nd produce hot spots and difficult problems in life, by all se ctors of the community alike . Univ ersal Chief was built starti ng at the city a nd county levels Hall masse s, serve t he community for the Gover nment to play a bett er Window s and tie. With the system of Gover nment Office for hub, connecti ng the County (district) and the depa rtments of muni cipal g overnme nt We b sites a nd Office de cisi on -making s ervice sy stem has bee n built i n the city, Gover nment Office local area network e stablis he d, signifi cantly a cceler ate the pace of office automati on a nd i nformation netw ork. 3, impr oved quality a nd productivity wit h new w ork. City lev els G overnme nt Office put pursuit quality a nd efficie ncy as mea sure Office over all work l evel of importa nt standard, pendul um in hig hlight l ocati on, ar ound s ervice overall, and pay close attenti on to t he impleme ntation this central, rig ht proces sing i nherite d a nd innovati on, a nd full a nd focus, and on Shang service a nd on Xia servi ce of relati ons hip, bol d innovati on, focused on effective ness , pres entati on of policy sex, and targeted a nd

5

guide sex further enhance d, documents handle and runni ng of spe ed obviously s pee d up, pr ogram gradually spe cification, confere nce service and Chi ef recepti on of quality a nd level has has new of improve , Logistics support ca pability further strengt hene d. Document manageme nt, confidential, confidentiality, duty, letters a nd other items have be en sig nifica ntly improve d. 4, Office constr ucti on i ncrea sed at all lev els. City G over nment office s adhere to stre ngthe n and improv e the constructi on of the system as a breakthr oug h, ha s devel oped a seri es of code of conduct, continuous improvement of operati onal me cha nism, s ound a nd the implementati on of the rule s and regulati ons , and adhere to the syst em of managi ng pe ople , accordi ng to the rules , the w ork gradually into t he or bit of instit utionalizati on and sta ndar dizati on. Focus on strengtheni ng ide ologi cal and political constr ucti on of the continge nt of ca dres, a nd a ctively carrie d out various busi ness trai ning, k nowl edge of the Office team str uctur e has bee n optimi zed, t o broade n the ra nge of knowledg e and operational ca pacity grows, nurture d a political firm, s harp, profes sional and innovativ e staff, created soli darity, striving for the top, pragmatic, dedi cation, good image . How ever, with t he State Co uncil and the provi ncial Gover nment of the national, the provi nce' s Secretary -Ge neral meeti ng of governme nt offices under the new sit uation the functi ons a nd prioritie s compared to the requirement s of our ga p is still very big. Mai n is daily i n the passive me et of more, active re sear ch of les s, servi ce als o ha s not timely, a nd not in place of problem; w ork in the meet Yu tra ditional of, and pr ogram of of work way, develop innovati on s pirit and servi ce innovati on capa city not str ong; supervisi on inf ormation w ork and pr omoted deci sion impleme ntation of contact e nough clos e, feedback sit uation not active; re sear ch res our ces of using enough full , resear ch re sults of into degree not high; some sect or docume nts runni ng not spe cificati on; Munici pal Gov ernment Office on t he County (district) and m uni cipal g overnme nt sect or Office w ork of gui de enoug h, No real form intera ction and cl ose colla borati on, promote t he impleme ntation of the w ork. These problems, we must effectively be addres sed i n the futur e work. Se cond, serve the ov erall situati on, carry out their duties, im prove quality, a nd strive t o create a new sit uation of system of government offices in t he city si nce last sea son, meeting the Secretary -Ge neral of the State Council and the pr ovincial gov ernment has held a gov ernment system, from a global and strategic heig ht, s cientifical ly analyz ed the new sit uation and the newTa sks on the sy stem of governme nt offices bring new sit uations and ne w problems a nd new challe nges, profoundly expounde d the w ork of governme nt de partments at all l evels in t he ne w era shoul d be put i n the sit uation to understand, to gras p, to depl oy at any time and under a ny cir cumsta nce s, s hould alway s focus on the big pict ure, firmly grasp the overall s ituation, increa sing in t he overall im plementi ng in ear nest the work of spontaneity, i nitiativeSe condly, w e shoul d strengt hen t he team. A unit is a team in var ious secti ons of the unit insi de is al so a small team. A unit wit h a team spir it, forme d a team responsibility, cohesi on a nd competitive nes s. Y ou wa nt to make a unit, a De partment w ork improveme nt, must be melting inside a feeli ng of solidarity and mutual hel p, for a common g oal and det ermined t o achieve the spirit, cultivati ng a strong coll ective s pirit and team responsibility, sense of honor. Ther efore, we nee d to start improvi ng office w ork and enhance the efficiency of Office w ork and strive to build a concerte d ... Fa ult. I n accordance with the requirements of modern ma nagement scie nce , establ ishi ng strict re sponsi bility system of management by obj ectives . A work w ho is i n charge, w ho is i n charge and who is res ponsi ble, w hat right do thes e pe ople have, w hat res ponsibil ity, has t o truthfully a nd clearly under stood. D epartment s at all levels s hould stri ctly implement the check i n the Office of party Committee evaluati on, sig nifica nt accountabi lity and re ward i nce ntive system, pay cl ose atte ntion t o duty cas h and making unity, rights, re sponsibilitie s, and to inspire e ach of cadr es s pirit and morale, Super courag e. Inv estee i nsists , is a de ep topic, i s a real pr oblem, i s a big iss ue. T oday , I just combine d this year , the city's Communist Party Committee Office, had some rough talk a nd understanding , we must stre ngthe n rese arch a nd excha nges i n this regar d in t he future . Investee in the new ye ar, we must hol d high the banner of De ng Xia opi ng the ory and the "three re prese nts" the ory the great banner of, under the correct lea ders hip of the CPC, adhere to t he pe opl e-oriente d, insist on truth, adhere first to excellence, efforts to do Office work t o a new lev el. Spe ech at t he Confere nce on the system of g overnme nt offices in t he city ar ound the devel opme nt of service function t o create a new sit uation in the work of the Office of the city's sy stem of Gover nment --s pee ch at the Conference on the sy stem of governme nt office s in the city

This system of government offices w orking in t he city's mai n task is to study Gover nment syst ems of admini strative supervisi on, admini strative informati on, a dministrative re ce ption a nd i nformation technology is sue s. For the meeti ng, the City Mayor Ma has ma de importa nt instr ucti ons , the Muni cipa l Gover nment Office fully pre pared brewi ng, combined wit h practi cal w ork to dev elop the notice on furt her strengt heni ng the supervision w ork, the XX, Chief I nformation i nterim measur es for 200 5 and the city' s system of G overnme nt Admini stration i nformatizati on construction ta sk statement and other docume nts. Before t he Ge neral Ass embly and orga nizati on of counties (di st ricts) of the sce ne to observ e the G overnme nt Office, a chiev e the purpose of excha nges of work, thoug ht. Today, the Ta ng May or also atte nde d the meeti ng and deliv ered a n importa nt spe ech in the midst, hope good gra sp of implementation. to

Next, I would like to make a few remark s.

A, and around Cent er, looks at devel opme nt, stre ngthe ned s ervice, city gover nment syst em Office work re ndering atmos phere in re cent year s, city gov ernment sy stem Office

在一起,成为封建社会知识分子的必读教材和安身立命的根基(1 分)。 1.岁寒三友【答案】中国古代对松竹梅的美称(1 分)。因苍松、翠竹和冬梅都有不畏寒霜的高洁风 格,可寓意忠贞的友谊、高尚的品德和志节,历来被中国古今文人们所赞誉(1 分)。在中国古代绘 画和诗歌中,岁寒三友是花鸟画以及诗歌的常见主题之一(1 分)。 3.孔孟之道【答案】是对中国以孔子和孟子为代表的儒家学说的通称(1 分)。其由孔子开创,经孟 子、荀子、董仲舒、朱熹等人的不断发展,成为中国文化的主体思想。儒家思想具有鲜明的入世精 神,以孔子“仁”、“礼”的治世思想为核心,维系并实践着一个极具亲疏远*、贵贱尊卑的社会 秩序(1 分)。儒学在各个历史时期表现出不同的学术形态,如两汉经学、宋明理学以及清代朴学, 虽各具特点,但整体精神仍是大致相通的(1 分)。孔孟之道主要保存在儒学的一批经典中,如《论 语》、《孟子》、《荀子》、《四书章句集注》等(1 分)。

and stea dfastness. A nd ex plicitly put forwar d the "surr oundi ng situati on, pay attenti on to im plementati on" is the cor e of gov er nment office s, requiring gov ernment departments at all level s ca nnot be "Gramophone", "mail room" and "the Me sse nger" is not confined t o pa per communi cations, yi nglaisongwa ng and upl oad i ss ue. M ust to has strongly of impleme ntation cons cious ness , this is Gover nment Office sect or first bit of task, to first, a nd is dut y -bound, i nsiste d reported tr uth, a nd tol d truth, and out confess, a nd do facts, a nd pragmatic effect, put work of to points real put to re sear ch s oluti on reform development sta ble in t he of major pr obl em Shang, put to re search s oluti on mass es pr oducti on life in t he of urge nt problem Sha ng, put to rese arch sol ution work in t he exists of highlig ht problem Sha ng, put an e nd to t o Conference impleme nt Confere nce, t o file implementati on file, nev er ca n makes s uperi or of de cisi on a nd depl oyment in a "impleme nta tion" Lost i n the s ound. 络 闪 生 发 个 整 会 能 可 时 件 条 定 特 某 足 满 .当 子 称 种 这 撑 支 或 挂 悬 来 料 材 用 要 需 是 总 导 压 高 为 因 题 问 的 电 放 面 表 固 沿 有 都 , 中 备 设 体 和 缘 绝 气 空 在

System Office of the Gover nment se ctor must take the lea d in party and G over nment polici es, the deployment a nd carry out spe cific targets, i n the impl ementation

efforts, for example on the impleme ntation, on the impl ementati on of a performance. City Government System Office to s eriously impleme nt implementati on national, and Pr ovince G overnme nt system Secretary -Ge neral Office Dire ctor Confere nce spirit, a ccording t o around overall, gra s p implementati on this a general requirement s, i nsi sted reform i nnovation, further cha nge manageme nt concept, a nd manag ement functions, a nd management syst em and ma nagement method; insi sted quality first, e nsur e for led, a nd for gras s-r oots , and for ma sses provi des quality efficie nt ser vice; insiste d strictly rul e political, efforts construction a support political firm, and busine ss master, a nd service politi cal cle an, a nd style excelle nt of Office team. Concrete w ork, and must deal with "thr ee relations hips": one i s to ha ndl e well the re lationshi p betw een pass ive ada ptation and activ e service. Office servi ce functions to t he pa ssive a spe ct of its work, w hich requires us to host lead w hen a ction must be strictly i n accordance with the inte ntions and requirement s for leadershi p, w ork within t he limits of delegated a uthority, not offside, partici pation in the interventi on, a nd not de cisi on -making, coordi nation is not contemplat ed. Meanwhile, Office work a nd must become more consci ous, give full play t o the i nitiative and work to some fore seea ble, be proa ctive, pr epare d, thi nking a head, provi ding i nformation, active le ader shi p, reflect the si tuation, ahea d of good res earch, ref erence point, i n key pla ces t o prom ote overall effici ency . Second, to ha ndl e the relati ons hip betwe en admi nistrative s ervice s and tra nsa ction services. A dministrative service s and Service s Office s ervice s com plement the two as pe cts of the j ob. A dministrativ e s ervices is t he core servi ce is guarantee d. Note that combi nes bot h, adhere to g overnme nt service as the mai n line, t he Chief turns around t he overal l situati on, t urns ar ound the distri ct. On one ha nd, w ill attacht hree a re prese ntative" importa nt thought for gui de, efforts a dapte d ne w situati on, a nd ne w task, a nd new requirement s, tightly around city reform dev elopment of ove r all, further cha nge functions, stre ngthe ne d service, determi ned t o innovation, G overnme nt System Office ov erall work of quality a nd level has has new of improve , for city economic s oci al development made has due of contribution. 1, staff assista nt for further str engthe ning . Around t he focus of leaders hip service s, actively carry out resear ch st udie s, for all level s of Gover nment on the event, gra b globa l proposed a number of sol utions with a higher refere nce value re comme ndati ons provi de a ba sis for improv i ng gover nment lea ders hip. About deve lopme nt, adjustme nt of intere st difficulty, people the focus of the pr obl em, and give full play to t he offices t hat are interli nke d, dre dge about, contact and coor dinati on of functi ons , in or der to re duce conflict, t o avoi d omissi ons, form a joint for ce, pr omoting t he Gov ernment t o play a n active rol e in the work as a w hol e. Working around G overnme nt Cent er implementati on s upervision inte nsifie d, broade ned a nd im prove d efficiency, do check the fruit, fruit, assi sting the Gover nment in im plementati on of the Assi stant role t o play, a powerful im petus to the reali zation of the obje ctives of the Gov e rnment . 2, the s ervice are as to further expa nd. T he full impleme ntation of the ope n gover nment pil ot pr oject, strengtheni ng carrier construction, innovative forms of public, dee peni ng publ ic conte nt, extends the open ra nge, regulat e public procedures , establi shme nt of a city, County, Tow ns hip a nd village -level a dministrati on system, to meet the pe ople' s right to know, creates conditio ns for the effective exerci se of s upervi sion. Devel opme nt iss ued t he XX, matters of sig nificant publi c policy impl ementation meas ures, such as t he question of he aring 6 sy stem, open G overnme nt continues t o pr omote in dept h. Esta blis hed ope ned t he city (County) long publi c phone s, s olving a number of concer n pe opl e's immediate i nterests a nd produce hot spots and difficult problem s in life, by all se ctors of the community alike . Univ ersal Chief was built starti ng at the city a nd county levels Hall masse s, serve t he community for the Gover nment to play a better Window s and tie. With the system of Gover nment Office for hub, connecti ng the County (district) and the depa rtments of muni cipal g overnme nt We b sites a nd Office de cisi on -making s ervice sy stem has bee n built i n the city, Gover nment Office local area network e stablis he d, signifi cantly a cceler ate the pace of office automati on a nd i nformation netw ork. 3, impr oved quality a nd

productivity wit h new w ork. City lev els G overnme nt Office put pursuit quality a nd efficie ncy as mea sure Office over all work level of importa nt standard, pendul um in hig hlight l ocati on, ar ound s ervice overall, and pay close attenti on to t he impleme ntation this central, rig ht proces sing i nherite d a nd innovati on, a nd full a nd focus, an d on Shang service a nd on Xia servi ce of relati ons hip, bol d innovati on, focused on effective ness , pres entati on of policy sex, and targeted a nd

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